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Note here, the xixth day at night he harde howe that quene Mary was proclaymed in London. [1] And the next morning he called for a herolde and proclaymed hir himself [2]. Within an hower after he had lettres [3] from the counsell here that he should forthwith dismysse his armye, and not to come within x. myles of London, or els they wolde fight with him. The rumour hereof was no sooner abrode but every man departyd. Then was the duke arested, by the mayre of the towne of Cambridge some say, some say by mr. Thomas Myldemay at the quenes commandement. [4] At last cam lettres from the counsell of London that all men shoulde go eche his waye. Then saide the duke to certayn that kepte him, "Ye do me wrong to withdrawe my libertye; se you not the counselles lettres, without exception, that all men should go whether they wolde?" At which wordes they than sett them agayn at libertye, and so contynued they all night; in so moche that the erle of Warwicke was booted redy to have ryden in the mornynge. Then came the erle of Arundell, who had ben with the quene, to the duke into his chamber; and when the duke knewe therof he came out to mete him; and assone as ever he sawe the erle of Arundell he fell downe on his knees and desyred him to be goode to him, for the love of God. "And consider (saith he) I have done nothing but by the concentes of you and all the hole counsell." "My lorde (quod he), I am sent hether by the quenes majestie, and in hir name I do arest you." "And I obey it, my lorde (quod he), and I beseeche you, my lorde of Arundell (quod the duke), use mercy towardes me, knowing the case as yt is." "My lorde (quod the erle), ye shoulde have sought for mercy sooner; I must do according to my commandement." And therwith he commytted the charge of him to diverse of the garde and gentyllmen that stoode by. And so the duke contynued walking up and downe in the utter chamber almost ij howers; and once or twyce he wolde have gone to the beddchamber about some busynes, but he coulde not be sufferyd. Then was Thome and Coxe from him.

At last the duke, loking throughe the window, spied the erle of Arundell passyd by; then he called to him, and said, "My lorde of Arundell; my lorde, I praye a worde with you." "What wolde ye have, my lorde?" sayde he. "I beseche your lordship," quodhe, "for the love of God, let me have Coxe, one of my chamber, to wayt on me." "You shall have Tome [5] your boy," quod the erle of Arundell. "Allas, my lorde!" quod the duke, "what stede can a boye do me? I pray you let me have Coxe;" and so both Tome and Coxe were with him. [6]



The next portion of this interesting narrative is unfortunately lost; but a series of extracts from news-letters, preserved in Ralph Starkey's Collections, MS,. Harl. 353, pp. 139 et seq. apply so exactly to the period deficient, that they may be very properly here introduced.

By a lettre, writtene in London, it appeareth that "the 19 of July, my lady Maryes grace was in the afternoone proclaymed queene of England heare in Londone, my lord of Northumberland, the lord admirall, [7] the marques of Northampton, the lord of Huntington, my lord Grey, my lord of Westmerlande, and divers others, beinge at Cambridge, proceeding in battaile towards hir grace, who lyethe at a castle in Norfolk. [8] Great was the triumphe hear at London; for my tyme I never sawe the lyke, and by the reporte of others the like was never seene. The nomber of cappes that weare throwne upe at the proclamation weare not to be tould. The earle of Pembroke threwe awaye his cape full of angelletes. I sawe myselfe money was throwne out at windowes for joy. The bonefires weare without nomber, and what with showtynge and crienge of the people, and ringinge of the belles, theare could no one heare almoste what another sayd, besides banketyngs and synging in the streete for joye. Theare was presente at the proclamation the earle of Pembroke, the earle of Shrewsbury, the earle of Arundell, my lord warden, my lord mayere, sir John Mason, sir John Cheeke, and divers other to the nomber of ... ; and, after the proclamation made in Cheapside, they all went to Poules to evensonge. The duke of Suffolk being at the Towere [9] at the makinge of the proclamation, and as some saye did not knowe of it, but so soone as he herd of it, he came himselfe out of the Towere, and comaunded his men to leave their wepones behinde them, sayenge that hee him selfe was but one man, and himselfe proclaymed my lady Maryes grace queene on the Towere hille, and so came into London, levinge the leiftenaunt in the Towere.

"Greate stire was in Northamptonshire about proclayminge of hir. Yesterday at Northampton sir Thomas Treshame proclaymed hir with the ayd and helpe of the towne, beinge borne amongeste them, whether he would or not; ser Nicholas Throgmorton beinge presente, withstandinge him to his powere, was drivene for safetye of his lyfe to take a howse, and so beinge borne amongeste divers gentlemen escaped with much adoe; the inhabitants would have killed him veri fayne.

"Sir Robarte Tirwite mustered yesterdaye in Northamptonshire to goe to my lord of Northumberland as many men as he could gette. Sir Thomas Tresham, receving like letters to muster for my lord of Northumberlande, would not goe. Sir John Williams hathe 6 or 7000 men thear, as Richard Silliard saythe, and thear is with him sir Edmonde Peckham, the sherive of Oxfordshire, the sherive of Northamptonshire, and divers others.

"Sir John Gates and my lord Garret, who went downe with the garde to my lady Mary, as is crediblie reported, are both slayne, [10] and the moste parte of the garde gone to my lady Mary."

23 July 1553. -- A lettere written in London mentiones that the lord admirall, and the lords Greye, [11] Garret, Wormon, [12] and the lord Fitzwarren, sir Henry Sidney, and sir James Croffts, with divers others, have already their pardon graunted them.

'The duke of Northumberland is in custody of the garde as a prisoner in Cambridge, and my ladie his wyfe, the lord Guilford, and the lady Jane, are in the Towere as prisoneres. My lord marques of Northampton, the earle of Huntingdon, sir Henry Gates, and divers other, cannot as yet gett their pardones."

From London, 1 Aug. 1553.-- "Sir John Cheeke, with diveres others, whos names presently I cannot remember, be prisoners in the Towere.

"The lady Elizabethes grace came the 29. of July to Somerset place, well accompanyed with gentlemen, and others, righte strongly, and theare she rested a nighte, and the morowe ensuinge she went throwghe Cheapside to meete the queenes grace to London-wardes, who is loked for the 3. or 4. of Auguste.

"Sethence the 24. of July, 6 of youre men [13] on horsbacke like souldieres, in coats of red and white, at youre cost and charges, have waited on sir Thomas Tresham and sir Nicholas Throgmorton, to guarde the queen to London."

August, 1553. -- "By a lettere [14] written in London, reporteth that queene Maries grace came to London the 3 daye of August, beinge broughte in with her nobles verie honorably and strongly. The nomber of velvet coats that did ride before hir, aswell strangeres as otheres, was 740; and the nomber of ladyes and gentlemen that folowede was 180. The earle of Arundell did ride next before hir, bearinge the sworde in his hand, and sir Anthony Browne did beare up hir trayne. The lady Elizabethe did follow hir nexte, and after hir the lord marques of Exeter's wyfe. [15]

"The gard followed the ladyes, and after them Northampton and Oxfordshire men, and then Buckinghamshire men, and after them the lordes' servants; the whole nomber of horsemen weare esteemed to be about 10,000.

"The queenes grace stayed at Allgate-streete before the stage wheare the poore children stood, and hard an oration that one of them made, but she sayd nothinge to them.

"My lord mayor and the aldermen brought hir grace into the city, my lord mayor riding next to the earle of Arundell with the mace in his hand. Theare was a greate peale of ordenance shotte of at the Towere.

"It is credibly reported that the duke of Norfolke, Courteney, the bushope of Winchester, [16] and my lady Somerset, [17] mette the queenes grace at the Towere gate, and theare they kneelinge downe saluted her grace, and she came unto them and kissed them and sayd, 'Theis are my prisoners.' Courteney was made marques of Exeter, the 4. of thes present, as the brute goethe. [18]

"Hir grace intendethe to remove unto Windsor on Tuesdaye nexte, as I heare saye.

"The earle of Pembroke was comaunded to waite uppon hir grace when she came to London, and to bringe with him but x. mene, and as I heare saye he broughte xv., whearfore he had a rebuke. Some saye he is fled, but the truthe I knowe not; hee hathe not byne seene since thursdaye night, nether can his men tell whear he is. My lord Russell and my lord Ferrars are in the sherife of London's custody.

"Mr. chauncelere of the augmentations [19] dothe keepe his house.

"I hard saye this daye that the duke of Northumberland, the marques of Northampton, the earle of Huntingdon, sir John Gates, and Mr. Palmer, wear alredie condemned to dye.

"Dob of Bosat [20] came (out) of Bedfordshire this daye, and he tould me theare came this weeke to sir John St. John's, [21] he beinge theare, 40 or 50 men with clubes and bylles, and would have had him to have gone with them to have pulled downe certene pasture hedges, but hee denyed them, and persuaded them as muche as he could to the contrary; yet notwithstandinge they would not be persuaded, but wente themselves and pulled up the hedges of 43 pastures.

"Youre men were not discharged before yesterdaye of the queenes attendance, and this daye they are gone home.

"The oulde bushope of London [22] is delivered out of the Marshalsey, and doctore Cox cometh into his place; and this daye my lord Ferrars is comitted to the Towere."

11 August, 1553. -- The duke of Norfolke is discharged and at liberty, as appeareth by a letter writtene in London.

"The bushope of Winchester hathe his howse [23] againe that the marques of Northampton had.

"The lord chamberlen, [24] the lord tresorer, [25] and the earl of Pembroke, are commanded to keepe their howses.

"It was expected that divers prisoners with the duke of Northumberland should have come to the yeld hall this daye to have byne araigned, but it is not so.

"The duke of Suffolke is (as his owne men report,) in prisone, and at this present in suche case as no man judgethe he can lyve.

"The bushope of Winchestere hathe sayd masse in the Towere since his cominge abroade.

"This daye an ould preeste sayd masse at St. Batholmewes, but after that masse was done the people would have pulled him in peeces.

"The lady Somerset is discharged out of the Towere latly.

"The queenes grace remove the tomorowe, it is reported."



[26] [The 18. of August, John Dudley, duke of Northumberland, William Parre, marquesse of Northampton, and John earle of Warwicke, sonne and heire to the duke, were arraigned at Westminster-hall, before Thomas duke of Norfolke, high steward of England, where the duke of Northumberland, with great reverence towards the judges, protested his faith and alleageance to the queene, whom hee confessed grievously to have offended, and said that he meant not anything in defence of his fact, but requested to understand the opinion of the court in two poynts: first, whether a man doing any act by authority of the prince's councell, and by warrant of the great seale of England, and doing nothing without the same, might be charged with treason for any thing which hee might doe by warrant thereof? Secondly, whether any such persons as were equally culpable in that crime, and those by whose letters and commaundements hee was directed in all his doinges, might be his judges, or passe upon his tryall as his peeres?

Whereunto was answered, that as concerning the first, the great seale (which hee layd for his warrant) was not the seale of the lawfull queene of the realme, nor passed by authority, but the seale of an usurper, and therefore could be no warrant to him. [27] As to the second, it was alleged, that if any were as deepely to be touched in the case as himselfe, yet so long as no attainder were of record against them, they were neverthelesse persons able in law to passe upon any tryall, and not to be chalenged therefor, but at the prince's pleasure." After which answer, the duke used few words, but confessed the indictment; by whose example the other prisoners arraigned with him did the like, [28] and thereupon had judgement.]

[29] And when the judgement was geven, it is saide the duke shoulde saie, "I beseche you, my lordes all, to be humble suters to the quenes majestie, to graunt me iiij. requestes, which are theis: firste, that I may have that deathe which noblemen have had in tymes past, and not the other; secondarylie, that her majestie wilbe gratyous to my chillder, which may hereafter do hir grace gode service, concydering that they went by my commaundement who am their father, and not of their owne free willes; thirdely, that I may have appoynted to me some learned man for the instruction and quieting of my concyence; and iiijth, that she will sende ij. of the counsayle to comon with me, to whom I will declare suche mattyers as shalbe expedyent for hir and the comonwealthe. And thus I beseche you all to pray for me."

Note, that on saterdaye the xixth of August ther was conveyed out of the Tower by water to Westminster, to be araygned, sir John Gates, sir Herry Gates, sir Androwe Dudley, and sir Thomas Pallmer, where, without any queste, every one of theym pleaded giltye, saving sir Thomas Pallmer, who saide that the truthe was, he never bare armes agaynst the quenes majesty. "Well," saithe the judges, "can ye denye but that ye were ther?" "No," saithe he. "Then can it not be but that ye ar cullpable." "Well then, sithe it is so," saithe he, "I confesse the same." Then they all submytted themselves to the quenes mercy. Then the judges proceded in judgemente.

Note, that on sondaye the xxth day of August, ther preched at Poles crosse one doctour Watson, [30] and ther was about the crosse and in the churche-yarde allmost all the garde, with their billes and weapons, for feare of like tumult that was on sonday before.

Note, on mondaye the xxjst of August, it was appoynted the duke with other shoulde have suffered, and all the garde were at the Tower; but howe soever it chaunced he did not; but he desired to here masse, and to receave the sacrement, according to the olde accustumed maner. So about ix. of the clocke the alter in the chappell was arraied, and eche thing prepared for the purpose; then mr. Gage [31] went and fetched the duke; and sir John Abridges [32] and mr. John Abridges dyd fetche the marques of Northampton, sir Androwe Dudley, sir Herry Gates, and sir Thomas Palmer, to masse, which was sayde both with elevation over the hed, the paxe geving, blessinge, and crossinge on the crowne, breathinge, towrninge aboute, and all the other rytes and accydentes of olde tyme appertayning. And when the tyme came the prysoners shoulde receive the sacrement, the duke tourned himself to the people and saide, first, theis wordes, or suche like, "My masters, I lett you all to understande that I do most faithfullie belyve this is the very right and true waie, oute of the which true religion you and I have ben seduced theis xvj. yeres past, by the false and eronyous preching of the new prechers, the which is the onelie cause of the greate plagges and vengeaunce which hathe lighte apon the hole realme of Inglande, and nowe likewise worthelly falne apon me and others here presente for our unfaythfulnesse. And I do beleve the holye sacremente here most assuredly to be our Saviour and Redemer Jesus Christe; and this I praye you all to testifye, and praye for me."

After which wordes he kneeled down and axed all men forgevenes, and likewise forgave all men. Emongest others standing by (were) the duke of Somersetes sonnes. Then all the rest confessed the declaration aforesaide, and so receved the sacrement most humbly. Note, that a littell before masse was begonne, ther was sent for into London for diverse of the best comoners and comon counsaill of the cytie, to come and here the convertion of the duke, emongest whom one Hartop a goldesmith, and one Baskerfeld, were there. [33]

The lady Jane loking throughe the windowe sawe the duke and the rest going to the churche. Note, that this daie xiiij. yeres past, Dudley, the duke's father, was behedded. [34]

On tuisdaie the xxijth of Auguste thir came into the Tower all the garde, with their wepons, and aboute ix. of the clocke the erle of Warwicke and sir John Gates were brought to the chappell and herde masse, receiving the sacrement. A lityll before the receyte wherof, they kneling before the alter, one doctour Boureman, which saide the masse, turned to theym from the alter, and saied theis wordes, or moche like, "And if ye do require to receive this holie sacrement of the body and blud of our savyour Christ, ye must not onelie confesse and beleve that he is ther reallie and naturally, very God and very man, yea the same God that died on the crosse for our redemption, and not a phantasticall God, as the heretykes wolde make him; but also ye must here openlie acknowledg and graunt your abuse and errour therin of long tyme had and don; and then I assure you ye shall receyve him to your salvacion, were ye never so detestable an offendour." Then said sir John Gates, "I confesse we have ben out of the waie a long tyme, and therfore we are wourthellie punished; and, being sory therfore, I axe God forgevnes therfore most humblie; and this is the true religion." In moche like sorte said the erle of Warwicke; and then one axed the other forgevenes, and required al men to forgeve theym as they forgave every man frelie.

Then tourned mr. Gates to the lorde Courtney, saying, " I besiche you, sir, to forgeve me, for I have ben a pece of the cause of your contymlaunce in prison, not for eny hatred towardes you, but for feare that harm might come therby to my late younge maister." Then my lorde of Warwike axed him likewise forgevenes. (Memorandum, the duke of Somersettes sonnes stode by.) Then saide the preste to theyme, "I wolde ye should not be ignoraunt of God's mercy, which is infynyt; and lett not death feare you, for it is but a litell while, ywis, ended in one half hower. What shall I saie? I trust to God it shalbe to you a short passag (though somwhat sharpe), out of innumerable myseries into a most pleasaunt rest; which God graunt." The preist having spoken theis or moche like wordes, gave theym the host, whych being fynyshed, and the masse ended, they came fourthe agayne; and the erle of Warwicke was ledd to his lodging, and sir John Gates to the levetenauntes howse, where he remayned about half an hower and more. In thys meane tyme was sir Thomas Palmer brought into the levetenauntes garden, wher he walked with Watson, his gostlie father, aboute iij quarters of an hower, taking acquayntance of diverse gentyllmen, alwaies praying theym to forgeve and pray for him. His countenaunce never changed, but rather he semed more cherefull in countenaunce then when he was most at his libertye in his life-tyme. Anon, the sherive and sir John Gadge had made redy the indentures; then was sir John Gates brout out of the levetenauntes house, and sett at the garden gate; then the(y) went for the duke, who within a littell while cam fourthe, and sir Thomas Palmer after him; and at the garden gate the duke and sir John Gates mett and spake together. "Sir John," saieth the duke, "God have mercy upon us, for this daie shall ende bothe our lives. And I praye you forgeve me whatsoever I have offended; and I forgeve you with all my harte, althoughe you and your counsaill was a great occasion herof" "Well, my lorde," saithe sir John Gates, "I forgive you as I wolde be forgeven; and yet you and your auctoritye was the onely originall cause of all together; but the Lorde pardon you, and I praie you forgeve me." So, ether making obeasaunce to other, the duke proceded. The duke of Somerset's sonnes stoode therby.

And when he came apon the scaffolde, first, he put of his gowne of crane-colored damaske, and then he leaned apon the raile towarde the est, and saide to the people, allmost in every poynt as he had saide in the chapell, [35] saving that when he came to the confession of his belife he saide, "I trust, my lorde the bushope [36] here will beare me witnes hereof." At the last he put of his jerkyn and doblet, and then saide his prayers; after which tyme the hangman reched to him a kerchef, which he dyd knit himself about his ees, and then layd him downe, and so was behedded.

Afterwardes cam sir John Gates; and after a few wordes spoken [37] he would have no kerchef, but laed downe his hed; where at iij. blowes his hed was striken of.

Next cam sir Thomas Palmer, [38] who assoone as he cam to the scaffolde toke every man by the hand, and desired them to praye for him; then putting of his gowne, he leaned upon the est raile and saide theis or moche-like wordes in effecte: "My maisters, God save you; yt is not unknowne unto you wherfore I am come hither, which I have wourthellie well deserved at God's hande, for I knowe yt to be his devine ordenaunce by this mean to call me to his mercy, and to teache me to knowe myself, what I am, and wherto we ar all subjecte. I thancke his mercyfilll goodenes, for he hathe caused me to learne more in one littell darke corner in yonder Tower, then ever I learned by eny travaille in so many places as I have bene; for ther I say I have sene God, what he is, and howe unserchable his wonderouse works ar, and howe infynite his mercyes be. I have sene ther myself thorowhlie, and what I am; nothing but a lompe of synne, earthe, dust, and of all vylenes most vilest. I have seen ther and knowne what the hole worlde is, howe vayne, decetefull, transytorie, and short yt is; howe wicked and lothesome the works therof ar in the sight of God's majesty; how he neither regardeth the manaces of the proud men and mighty ones, nether despiseth the simplenes of the pore and lolie, which ar in the same worlde. Fynallie, I have seen ther what deathe is, howe nere hanging over every man's hed, and yet how uncertayn the tyme and howe unknowne to all men, and how littell it is to be feared. And shoulde I feare death, or be sad therfore? have I nott seene ij. die before myne eys, yea and within the hearing of myn eares? No, neither the sprinckling of the bludd or the shedding therof, nor the bludy axe itself, shall not make me afraied. And nowe, taking my leave to the same, I praye you all to praie for me. Come on, goode

fellowe," quod he, "art thou he that must do the dede? I forgeve the with all my harte." And then kneled downe, and laed his hed downe, saying, "I will se howe met the blocke is for my neck; I praie the strike me not yet, for I have a fewe prayers to say, and that done, strike in God's name, goode leave have thowe." His prayers enden, and desyring eche man to praie for him, he layed downe his hed agayn, and so the hangman toke yt from him at one stroke. Theyr corpes, with the hedes, wer buryed in the chapell in the Tower; the duke at the highe alter, and the other too at the nether ende of the churche. You must understande that sir Thomas Pallmer had moche longer talke on the scaffolde, but that afore rehersed was in maner the some therof.

Note, that the [18th] daye of August ther was a proclamation [39] set out by the quenes highnes, that she willed all men to embrace that religion which all men knew she had of long tyme observed, and ment, God willing, to contynue the same; willing all men to be quiet and not call men the names of heretyk or pa(pi)st, but eche man to live after the religyon he thought best untyll further order wer taken concernyng the same.

[40] Note, that on tuisdaie the xxixth of Auguste, I dyned at Partrige's house with my lady Jane, being ther present, she sitting at the bordes ende, Partrige, his wife, Jacob my ladyes gentill woman, and hir man. She comanding Partrige and me to put on our cappes, emongest our communycacion at the dyner, this was to be noted: after she had once or twice droncke to me and bad me hartellie wellcome, saithe she, "The quenes majesty is a mercyfull princes; I beseche God she may long contynue, and sende his bountefull grace apon hir." After that, we fell in (discourse of [41]) mattiers of religion; and she axed what he was that preched at Polles on sonday beefore; and so it was tolde hir to be one (blank in MS.) "I praie you," quod she, "have they masse in London?" "Yay, for suthe," quod I, "in some places." "Yt may so be," quod she, "yt is not so strange as the sodden convertyon of the late duke; for who wolde have thought," saide she, "he would have so don?" Yt was aunswered her, "Perchance he thereby hoped to have had his pardon." "Pardon?" quod she; "wo worthe him! he hathe brought me and our stocke in most myserable callamyty and mysery by his exceeding ambicion. But for th' aunswering that he hoped for life by his tourning, thoughe other men be of that opynion, I utterly am not; for what man is ther lyving, I pray you, although he had been innocent, that wolde hope of life in that case; being in the felde ageinst the quene in person as generall, and after his taking so hated and evell spoken of by the comons? and at his coming into pryson so wonderyed at [42] as the like was never harde by any man's tyme. Who was judge that he shoulde hope for pardon, whose life was odyous to all men? But what will ye more? like as his life was wicked and full of dissimulacion, so was his ende therafter. I pray God, I, nor no frende of myne, dye so. Shoulde I, who (am) yonge and in my fewers,[43] forsake my faythe for the love of lyfe? Nay, God forbed! moche more he should not, whose fatall course, allthoughe he had lyved his just noumber of yeres, coulde not have long contynued. But life was swete, it appeered; so he might have lyved, you will saye, he dyd (not) care howe. Indede the reason is goode; for he that wolde have lyved in chaynes to have had his lyfe, by like wold leave no other meane attempted. But God be mercyfull to us, for he sayeth, Whoso denyeth him before men, he will not knowe him in his Father's kingdome." With this and moche like talke the dyner passyd away; which ended, I thanked her ladyship that she would witsafe accept me in hir companye; and she thancked me likewise, and sayd I was wellcome. She thancked Partrige also for bringing me to dyner. "Madam," saide he, "wee wer somewhat bolde, not knowing that your ladyship dyned belowe untyll we fonde your ladyship ther." And so Partrig and I departed.

[44] The iiij. daye of September, ther was ij. proclamations set out, the one forgeving the subsydy, and the other for the stabling [45] of certen coynes, as the grot, ijd. and id. and certen golde coynes.

Note, that at the proclamacion for remytting the subsydy, ther was a mervaylouse noyes of rejoysinge, and gevyng the queene thankes, in Chepesyde, by the people for the same.

Note, that the (blank) daye of September, the lord Ferris, [46] the lord chefe justice Chumbley, [47] and the lorde Montegue, [48] wer dysmyssed of ther imprysonement in the Tower.

Note, that the (xiiij.[49]) daie of September, maister Latamer [50] was brought to the Tower prisoner, who at his coming in saide to one Rutter, a warder ther, "What, my olde frende, howe do you I am nowe come to bee your neighbour agayne;" and was lodged in the garden in sir Thomas Palmer's lodging.

Note, that the xiijth of this moneth mr. Cheke [51] I was dismissed out of his imprysonment in the Tower.

Item, the xiiijth of September, the busshope of Canterbury [52] was brought into the Tower as prysoner, and lodged in the Tower over the gate anenst the water-gate, wher the duke of Northumberland laye before his death.

Note, about this daye, or the day before, my lady of Warwike had licence to come to hir husbande; at the same tyme my lady Taylebushe, nowe my lorde Ambrose wif, had lycence to come to my lorde Ambrose; and he and my lorde Harry had the liberty of the leades over Cole Harbert. Likewise had the lorde Herry and the lord Guilforde the liberty of the leades on Beacham's tower; likewise had mr. Yorke the liberty of the leades on the Bell tower; the said tyme had my lorde marques and the erle of Huntingdon libertye to come to the chappell to masse a' dayes; like liberty had doctour Rydley, lat bushop of London.

Note, that on Wenisdaie the (blank) daye of Septembre, ther was certayn raskalles or mariners that would have taken awaie the quenes horses at Greenwich, and meaned to have assembled on Blakheathe for that purpose, but they were prevented by syr Edward Hastings, who, at vij. of the clocke at night went thether with the garde and sondery other; and so the raskalles cam not accordinge to ther appoyntement.

Note, that the xxvij. of September, the quenes majestye cam to the Tower by water towarde hir coronatione, and with hir the lady Elizabeth hir sister, with diverse other ladyes of name, and the hole counsayll. The lord Paiget bare the sworde before hir that daye. Before hir aryvall was shott of a peale of gonnes.

Note, the last daie of September 1553, the quene came thoroughe London towardes hir coronation, sytting in a charret of tyssue, drawne with vj. horses, all betrapped with redd velvett. She sat in a gown of blew velvet, furred with powdered armyen, hangyng on hir heade a call of clothe of tynsell besett with perle and ston, and about the same apon her hed a rond circlet of gold, moche like a hooped garlande, besett so richely with many precyouse stones that the value therof was inestymable; the said call and circle being so massy and ponderous that she was fayn to beare uppe hir hedd with hir handes; and a canopy was borne over the char. Before hir rydd a nomber of gentlemen and knightes, and then dyverse judges, then diverse doctours of dyvynity; then followed certeyn bushopes; after theym came certayn lordes; then followed most parte of hir counsaille; after whom followed xiij. knights of the bathe, every one in thir order, the names wherof were theis, the erle of Devonshire, the lorde of Cardyf, son to the erle of Pembroke, the erle of Arundell's son, being lorde Mountryvers. [53] Then followed the lorde of Winchester, being lorde chauncellor, the merques of Winchester, lorde highe treasurer, having the seale and mace before them; next came the duke of Norfolk, and after him the erle of Oxforde, who bare the sworde before hir; sir Edward Hastinges led hir horse in his hande. After the quenes chariott cam another chariott having canapie all of one covereng, with cloth of sillver all whitt, and vj. horses betrapped with the same, bearing the said charyat; and therin sat at the ende, with hir face forwarde, the lady Elizabeth; and at the other ende, with her backe forwarde, the lady Anne of Cleves. Then cam theyre sondry gentyllwomen rydyng on horses traped with redd vellvet, after that charyet, and their gownes and kertelles of red vellvet likewise. Then rid sir Thomas Stradlyng after theym; then followed ij. other charyots covered with redd sattyn, and the horses betraped with the same; and certayne gentell women betwen every of the saide charyots rydyng in chrymesyn satteyn, ther horses betraped w ith the same. The nomber of the gentillwomen that rydd were xlvj. in noumber, besides theym that wer in the charyots.

At Phanchurche was one pageaunt made by the Geneways, and ther a childe dressed in a girles apparell was borne uppe by ij. men siting in a chaire, and gave the quene a salutation. At Gracechurche corner ther was another pageant made by the Esterlings, and theron was made a mount on hie, and a littell condyt which ran wyn. Upon the saide mount stoode iiij. childeren, which with certayn salutacions did likewise gratefye the quene. Over that ther was a device that maister (blank) flyed downe from the tope of the pageant as she ryd by. At the ende of Gracechurche ther was another pageant made by the Florentyns, very highe, on the toppe wherof ther stode iiij. pictures, and on the syde of them, on the highest toppe, ther stoode an angell clothed in grene, with a trompete in his hande, and he was made with suche a device that when the trompeter, who stoode secretly in the pageant, ded blow his trompet, the angell dyd put his trompet to his mowth, as though it should be he that blewe the same, to the marvaling of many ignorant persons. The pageant was made with iij. thorough-fares like gates, and on either syde of the great gat ther dyd hang ij. tables of clothe of sillver, wherin was wrytten certayn verses; the one table in Latten, and the other in Inglyshe myter, gratefyeng. And in the myds of the saide pageant ther stoode vj. persons clothed in longe colord gownes with coputances hats, who gave hir a salutacion of goode lucke. At the condyt in Cornehill, ther was a very prity pageant made very gorgosly, wheron ther set iij. childeren clothed in womens apparell; the myddlemost of theym, haviulg a crowne on hir hedd, and a septer in hir hande, was called Grace; the other on her right hand, called Vertue, a cupp; and the other on her left hande, called Nature, a branch of olyf. And when the quene cam by, they in order kneled down, and every one of them sung certayrn verses of gratefyeng the quene. Ther sonded also trompets on high.

At the great conduit ther was also another pageant made by the eyty. At the lyttell condyt ther was another pageant, wheron stoode certayn childrell in women's apparell, and after a certayn oracion and salutacion ther was geven the quene, by one of the children, for the cyty, in a goodly purse a thousande li. [54] which she most thankfuly receyved.

At the scholehouse in Palles church ther was certayn children and men sung dyverse staves in gratefying the quene;[55] ther she stayed a goode while and gave dilligent ere to their song.

At this tyme a fellow who had made ij. scaffoldes apon the tope of Polles steeple, the one upon the ball therof, and the other upon the tope therof above that, and had set out viij. streamers vean grat [56] apon the same scaffolde, having the red crosse and the sworde as the arms of the cyty of London doth geve; and he himself standing apon the veary toppe or backe of the wether cocke, dy(d) shake a lytel flag with his hande, after standing on one foot dy(d) shak his other legg, and then knelled on his knees apon the saide wether cock, to the great mervayle and wondering of all the people which behelde him, because yt was thought a mattyer impossyble.

Over agaynst the deanes house in Polles churche yarde ther was another pageant, wher on ether syde stoode sondery persons singing dyverse salutacions as the quene cam by, and certayn lyttell children stoode apon the pageant on highe, with tapers light and burning, which tapers wer made of most swete perfumes.

[57] At the condyt in Flet Street was likewis another pageant, which was made like a castell, wher was also diverse as well children as men, synging songes of rejoycing as she cam by.

Memorandum, the first daie of October, 1553, was quene Mary crowned; [58] that daie she cam first by water to the old palice and ther

tarryed tyll about xj. of the clocke, and then went to the churche on foot apon blew clothe being rayled on every syde; she was in a gown of blew velvett, lyned with pouderyd armyn, having the same cyrclet on hir hedd with the whiche she cam thorough London the daye before. She was ledd betwen one bushope and (blank), and many bishopes in their myters and crosiars before hir.

[59] In the churche, before she was anoynted, the lorde chauncellour went to the foure corners of the no . . (?) and cried, "Yf eny man will or can alledge eny cause whie quene Mary shoulde not be crowned, let theym speke now :" and then the people in every place of the churche cryed, "Quene Mary! quene Mary!" Then the bushope of Winchester, being lorde chauncellour, proclaymed the quenes pardon, wherin was excepted all prysoners in the Tower, the Flet, certayn in the Mershallsey, and suche as had eny comandement to kepe tlle house, and certayn other.

Note, she was ledde iiij. or v. tymes on the alter, with so many and sondery cerymonyes in anoynting, crowning, and other olde customes, that it was past iij. almost iiij. of the clocke at night or ever she cam from the church agayn. And as she cam homeward ther was borne before her iij. swordes shethed, and one naked. She was ledd likewise betwen the old bushope of Dyrom [60] and (blank), having in hir hande a cepter of golde, and in hir other hande a ball of golde, which she twirled and tourned in hir hande as she came homewarde. She wore a chrymesyn vellvet gown, and a crown on hir hedd, every rely [erle?] and contesse following in crymesyn vellvet with crownets on ther hedds of gold. When she was enteryd in Westminster hall ther was ill scramble for the cloth and rayles; then was ther the wast meat cast out of the ketchen made under the pallaice wall with bordes, which was very muche of all kinde of meat. And when they had don casting out meat ther was no lesse scrambling for the ketchyn yt self, every man that wolde plulcking downe the bordes therof, and carying yt away, that yt might welbe callyd a wast indedde.

[61] Note, that on the xviijth of October, master Harry Dudley was delyvered out of the Tower; and a lyttell before also was maister Yorke delyveryd.

Note, that on Wenisday, the (blank) daye of October, was an act passed in the parliament, [62] that men might reason whether the Quene were Supreme Hedd, or whether the bushoppe of Rome might not lawfully have the same agayn, with certayn other mattyers.

The (blank) of November ther passed an act for the stablishing of religion, wherby ix. acts made in Edward vjtes daies, concerning religion, was mayde . . . .

The xiijth daie of November were ledd out of the Tower on foot, to be arrayned, to yeldhall, with the axe before theym, from theyr warde, Thomas Cranmer, archbushoppe of Canterbury, between (blank)

Next followed the lorde Gilforde Dudley, between (blank)

Next followed the lady Jane, between (blank), and hir ij. gentyllwomen following hir.

Next followed the lorde Ambrose Dudley and the lorde Harry Dudley.

The lady Jane was in a blacke gowne of cloth, tourned downe; the cappe lyned with fese velvett, and edget about with the same, in a French hoode, all black, with a black byllyment, a black velvet boke hanging before hir, and another boke in hir hande open, holding hir (the entry breaks off).

In the beginning of Novembre was the furst notyce emong the people towching the maryage of the quene to the king of Spayne. About this tyme also [63] . . . . of the fall of . . . .

Note, the same moneth of November syr Harry Gates, before condempned, was set at lyberty out of the Tower and dysmyssed.

The xiiijth of Decr. two prentyces were brought to the Tower, one Andrews (?) and another.

Note, the xvth of December, 1553, the proclamacion for the stablyshing again of the masse was proclaymed.

The xviijth day, the lady Jane had the libertie of the Tower, so that she might walk in the quenes garden and on the hille; and the lorde Robert and lorde Gilford the liberty of the leds in the Bell Tower, whether they . . . . .

The xix. daie, the erle of Ormonde, sir (blank) Courteney knight, and mr. Barnaby, fell out in the night with a certayn priest in the streat, whose parte a gentyllman comyng by by chance took, and so they fell by the eares; so that Barnabye was hurt. The morowe the(y) were ledd by the ij. sheryves to the counter in the Pultry, where they remayned (blank) daies.

This day the queene removed to Richmond.

The xvth of December, sir Edmonde Peckham was apoynted treasurer generall of all the quenes treasure whatsoever.

The xxth daye ther was brought into the Tower at the water-gate . . . . . . ij. lighters laden with harnes.

About Christmas eve ther came forth a booke entytled "De vera obedyentia," imprinted, as yt is saide, at Roane, [64] where it was translated, an oracion made by the byshop of Winchester, &c. with the preface of Bonner, byshop of London. The translation thereof [65]

Note, that the (blank) day of December the lorde merques of Northehampton had his pardon, and was delivered out of the Tower. About this tyme ther was one brak out of the Tower, and was taken again in one of the shippes the day followinge.

Note, that the morowe after Newe yere's day, being the second of Janyver, the embassadors called the erle of Eglemod, the erle of Lane, and Coryurs, [66] came in for the knytting upp of the marryage of the quene to the kinge of Spayne, before whose landing ther was lett of a great peale of guns in the Tower. He landed at Tower wharf, and ther was met by sir Anthony Browne, he being clothed in a very gorgeouse apparell. At the Tower hill, the erle of Devonshire, with the lorde Garret, and dyvers other, receyved [him] in most honorable and famylier wise; and so, the lorde of Devonshire gevyng him the right hand, brought him thoroughte Chepsyde and so fourthe to Westminster; [67] the people, nothing rejoysing, helde downe their heddes sorowfully.

The day befor his coming in, as his retynew and harbengers came ryding thorugh London, the boyes pelted at theym with snowballes; so hatfull was the sight of ther coming in to theym. The morrow following, being wenysday, the lord chancellour sent for the churchewardens and substancyllest of xxx. parishes of London, to come before him, apon whose apparence he enquired of diverse of theym whie they had not the masse and servyse in Latten in their churches, as some of theym had not, as St (blank) in Mylke stret, and others; and they answered that they had don what lay in theym.

[68] The xiiijth of Januarie, anno 1553, the bushope of Winchester, lorde chancellour of Inglande, in the chamber of presence at Westminster, made to the lordes, nobilytye, and gentyllmen, an oration very eloquentlie, wherin he declared that the quenes majesty, partely for the welthe and enryching of the realme, and partely for frendeship and other waighty considerations, hathe, after moche suite on his (the king of Spaynes) behalf made, determyned, by the consent of hir counsaille and nobylyty, to matche herselfe with him in most godly and lawfull matrymonye; and he said further that she should have for her joynter xxxml ducketes by the yere, with all the Lowe Country of Flanders; and that the issue betwene theym two lawfuly begotten shoulde, yf there were any, be heir as well to the kingdome of Spayne, as also to the saide Lowe Country. And he declared further, that we were moche bounden to thanck God that so noble, worthye, and famouse a prince woulde vouchsaff so to humble himself, as in this maryadge to take apon him rather as a subject then otherwise; and that the quene shoulde rule all thinges as she dothe nowe; and that ther should be of the counsell no Spanyard, nether should have the custody of any fortes or castelles; nether bere rule or offyce in the quenes house, or els where in all Inglande; with diverse other things which he then rehersed; when he sayde the quenes pleasure and request was, that, like humble subjectes, for her sake they would receyve him with all reverence, joye, honnour; &c.

Theis newes, althoughe before they wer not unknown to many, and very moche mysliked, yit being nowe in this wise pronounced, was not onely credyted, but also hevely taken of sondery men, yea and therat allmost eche man was abashed, loking daylie for worse mattiers to growe shortly after.

On the morowe following, being monday, the mayre, sheryfes, and diverse of the best commoners, wer sent for before the counsell, where the said lord chancellour made the like oration to theym, desyring theym to behave themselve like subjectes with all humblenes and rejoycing.

Within vj. dayes after ther was worde brought howe that sir Peter Carowe, sir Gawen Carowe, sir Thomas Dey,(?) and sir (blank), with dyverse others, wer uppe in Devonshire resysting of the king of Spaynes comyng, and that they hade taken the city of Exeter and castell ther into their custodye.

Note, that on tuyseday the xxiijth of January, the lorde Robert Dudley, sone to the late duke of Northumberland, was brought out of the Tower to the yeldhall, wher he was arrayned and condemned.