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Until 1529 the medieval Palace of Westminster was the chief London residence of the monarch as well as the centre for the legal and administrative business of government. A series of fires left it in poor repair and the monarch began to use Whitehall as his residence. Westminster was still used for important state ceremonies and the legal and new administrative courts, and in mid century became the permanent home for the House of Commons (in the dissolved college of St Stephen) and the House of Lords (in the Painted Chamber).