Welcome to Tudor Cast, a podcast dedicated to Tudor History.
Hello, and welcome to Tudor Cast for February 2008. I’m your host, Lara Eakins owner of tudorhistory.org and the TudorTalk email list at YahooGroups.
Let’s get started with a recap of some of the Tudor news since the last podcast.
It was a fairly light news month outside of some entertainment and book news. The main story is that the Church of England bought the only surviving copy of the warrant issued for execution of Mary Queen of Scots. The warrant will go on display in the library of Lambeth Palace, the London residence of the Archbishop of Canterbury.
In book news, I’ve posted links to pre-order Alison Weir’s next Tudor novel, this time covering the story of Elizabeth I in the years before she became Queen. That part of Elizabeth’s life has always been the most interesting to me, so I’m really looking forward to the book. I really enjoyed “Innocent Traitor”, so I’m expecting this one will be good as well.
I’ve also posted a link to a new title from Susan James on Catherine Parr. She wrote a book on Henry’s sixth queen in the late 1990s, so I’m not sure if this is an update to that book or a new work entirely.
In DVD news, the BBC production of “The Other Boleyn Girl” is finally being released on DVD on its own here in the US. It was previously available as a bonus disc in one of the releases of the BBC “Six Wives of Henry VIII” series from the 1970s. Of course, the timing is good, since the big screen version starring Natalie Portman and Scarlett Johannson will be out at the end of this month in the US.
The last news bit that I want to mention this month is the curious influence the Tudors seem to be having on the new fashion lines on display. I had seen a couple of articles come through my Google alerts at how some of the fabrics and colors were Tudor-influenced, but sometimes the influence is a little more direct… such as having images of Henry VIII and Mary I (as princess) on your underwear. I encourage folks who are curious to take a look at the articles that I’ve linked to on the news blog. It almost has to be seen to be believed.
For links to source articles for the news recap and other past Tudor news, please see the archives of the news blog at tudorhistory.org/blog
And now for This Month in Tudor History, where I feature some well known and maybe not as well known Tudor history events that took place during this month.
On February 20th 1547, at age nine, Edward VI was crowned King in Westminster Abbey following the death of Henry VIII on January 28th.
For this month, I decided to read some of the entries from Wriothesley’s Chronicle from the proclamation of Henry VIII’s death through to the celebration of Edward VI’s coronation. The text is from the Camden Society’s 19th century publication of the Chronicle, which can be downloaded from the Internet Archive, since it is now in the public domain. I’ll post a link in the show notes for those who are interested.
These excerpts start on January 31st, 1547.
Immediately the said lords in their order, with Garter, the King of Heralds, and other, in their coat armors, came out of the Parliament Chamber into the Palace of Westminster Hall with a trumpet and their proclamation was made by the said Garter under the King’s broad seal. Edward the Sixth, son and heir of our late sovereign Lord, to be King of this realm of England, France and Ireland, Defender of the Faith, etc. and of the churches of England and also of Ireland the Supreme Head, immediately under God on earth.
Also that day at ten of the clock, the mayor and aldermen assembled in the Guildhall in their scarlet gowns, and Clarentius, one of the kings of heralds, two other heralds and a trumpeter, and so rode from thence with my lord mayor and aldermen to Saint Magnus Church corner, where proclamation was made by Clarentius, after the blowing of the trumpet two times, under the King’s broad seal, Edward the Sixth, with the death also of Henry the Eighth, the King’s Majesty’s father, and so from thence they rode in order to Leaden Hall by the Standard in Cheape to the conduit in Fleet Street, where also the said proclamation was made.
The same day, in the afternoon, the King’s Majesty, Edward VI, came to the Tower of London from Hereford, and rode in at Allgate, and so along the wall by the Crossed Friars to the Tower Hill, and entered at the Red Bulwark, where Sir John Gage, Constable of the Tower, and the Lieutenant, received his Majesty on horseback, the Earl of Hertford, riding before the King, and Sir Anthony Browne riding after the King; and on the bridge next the Wardgate, my Lord of Canterbury, my Lord Chancellor, with other Lords of the Council, received his Majesty, and so brought him to his Chamber of Presence, where they were sworn to his Majesty.
Our late sovereign lord King Henry the Eight had declared by his will, under his great seal, his dearly beloved son and heir, our sovereign lord, now Edward the Sixth, to succeed to his crown Imperial; the Earl of Hertford, Sir Edward Seymour, to be Lord Protector and Governor of the King’s Majesty and this realm of England until the King’s Majesty came to his lawful age of 18 years; and ordained also by his will for his Privy Council, my Lord of Canterbury, my Lord Chancellor, my Lord of Durham, with others, as by his Majesty’s will appearest, to have the governance of this realm for the time.
The fourth day of February, in the afternoon, a proclamation was made with a herald in his coat armor, a trumpet, and a common crier with his mace, for the King’s coronation to be the 20th of February next coming.
The fourteenth day of February, the corpse of King Henry the Eighth was solemnly with great honor conveyed in a chariot, with his image lying on it, towards Windsor, and rested that night at Syon, where was a rich hearse made of wax of nine stories high; the morrow, being the fifteenth day, it was conveyed to Windsor where at the town’s end the Dean of Windsor, with all his quire in rich copes, with Eton College, met the corpse, and so was conveyed to the college in the King’s Palace at Windsor where it was set under a rich hearse of wax of 13 stories high, and was buried the morrow after mass in the quire where his late wife Queen Jane lieth.
The 19th day of February the King’s Majesty rode from the Tower to Westminster through the city of London, which was richly hanged with rich cloths and diverse pageants, the conduits running wine, the crafts standing in their rails, and the aldermen and lord mayor riding in crimson velvet gown with a rich collar of gold, with a mace in his hand, after the King; and, when his Majesty came where the aldermen stood, the Recorder made a proposition to his Majesty, and after the Chamberlain gave his Majesty a purse of cloth of gold for a present from the city, which he thankfully took.
This month of February was levied amongst the citizens of London for the King’s coronation a benevolence after the manner of a 15th and half.
The 20th day of February, being the Sunday Quinquagesima, the King’s Majesty Edward the Sixth, of the age of nine years and three months, was crowned King of this realm of England, France, and Ireland, within the church of Westminster, with great honor and solemnity, and a great feast kept that day in Westminster Hall which was richly hanged, his Majesty sitting all dinner with his crown on his head; and, after the second course served, Sir Edward Dymmocke, knight, came riding into the hall in clean white complete harness, richly gilded, and his horse richly trapped, and cast his gauntlet to wage battle against all men that would not take him for right King of this realm, and then the King drank to him and gave him a cup of gold; and after dinner the King made many knights, and then he changed his apparel, and so rode from thence to Westminster Place.
The 21st day were great jousts with running at the tilt, and the 22nd day was fighting and turning at the barriers, where was many noble feats done.
And now for a page from the Tudor History glossary.
This month we’re up to “N” for “New Year’s Day” and “New Year’s Gifts”.
First up, “New Year’s Day”, which is, not too surprisingly, January 1. However, it is a bit more complicated than that, since the calendar date often changed on March 25, which is why you sometimes seen two different years given for things that took place between January 1 and March 24. As an example, Elizabeth I died on March 24, and today we write it as March 24, 1603. However, to her contemporaries, her death would have been written as March 24, 1602. Of course, this can lead to some confusion when you’re reading old texts! It wasn’t changed in Britain and the colonies until the middle of the 18th century, which is why you’ll sometimes see George Washington’s birth date written as February 22, 1731-2.
Now, on to New Year’s Gifts, which were given on January 1st and were basically the equivalent of Christmas gifts in the Tudor court. The giving of gifts by and to the monarch had a formal pattern to it, with the gifts reflecting the wealth and station of the giver. The higher your rank and wealth, the larger your gift.
There are detailed inventory rolls of gifts from the reigns of most of the Tudors, which is a valuable source of information on plate, jewels, household items, and fashion. Part of Elizabeth’s New Year's Gifts rolls were published in “The Palaces and Progresses of Elizabeth I” and you can read them online at www.larsdatter.com/gifts. I’ll also put the link in the show notes.
Here’s just a sampling from the rolls. A lot of the entries are amounts of money in small silk, satin or velvet purses, but there are a few other interesting items.
From 1561-1562 -
From the Earl of Warwick – a smock wrought with black silk, a pair of sleeves and a partlett with gold, silver and black silk.
By the Lady Knowles – a fine carpet of needlework
By the Lady Fitzwilliam, widow – one petticoat of purple stain
By the Lady Gresham – a box with four sweet-bags in it
By Mrs. Skypwyth – a cushion cloth wrought with black silk and fringed with gold and purple silk, with a pinpillow embroidered.
By Mr. Thomas Hennage – one hourglass garnished with gold with glass sand and in a case of black velvet, embroidered with silver
By Lawrence Shref, grocer – a sugar loaf, a box of ginger, a box of nutmegs and a pound of cinnamon.
And from 1588-1589
From the Lady Marquess of Northampton – a pair of bracelets of gold containing 16 pieces, four enameled white set with one pearl in a piece, and four sparks of rubies a piece, the other four set with one daisy and a small ruby in the midst thereof, and four small pearls and eight long pieces between them, each set with small diamonds and two sparks of rubies.
By the Countess of Bedford – two large candlesticks of crystal, garnished with silver gilt painted
By the Baroness Sheffield – one saddle cloth of black velvet, embroidered all over with Venice gold, with all the furniture belonging for a saddle
Now it’s time for a segment where I feature a text from the Tudor period.
Since I’ve already read a lot of primary source material this month, I thought I would put in a song for the text segment. It’s been a while since I’ve done this, so I thought it was about time to do another. This is “Come Again, Sweet Love Doth Now Invite” by John Dowland, performed by La Primavera. I’ll post the lyrics in the show notes.
sweet love doth now invite,
thy graces that refrain
to do me due delight.
To see, to hear,
to touch, to kiss,
to die with thee again
in sweetest sympathy
that I may cease to mourn
through thy unkind disdain
for now left and forlorn.
I sit, I sigh,
I weep, I faint,
I die, in deadly pain
and endless misery
draw forth thy wounding dart:
Thou canst not pierce her heart;
For I that do approve.
By sighs an d tears
more hot than are
thy shafts, did tempt while she
for scanty tryumphs laughs
And now for some closing comments…
First up is this month's featured website, www.thepeerage.com
Anyone who has listened to past podcasts has probably seen the clues that I’m a genealogy buff, both for my own family and for the Tudors and other noble families. When I was making some charts for the website, one great resource for double-checking my information was this month’s featured site – thepeerage.com It also came in handy when I got a submission to the Question and Answer blog about the descent of the current Queen, Elizabeth II, from Bess of Hardwick. And if anyone is curious about the connection, it is from Bess’s Cavendish children, through her second marriage. It’s really easy to get lost playing around with a site like this, because there are so many other tangents that you can get distracted by. But I encourage anyone with royal and noble genealogy interests to check it out!
There isn’t a whole lot more to add this month. It has been very busy for me at work, so I’m really glad that I was able to get this in on time. I’m planning to take spring break off in mid-March and other than a quick trip to Houston, I’m planning on being home and catching up on movies, reading and needlework. My goal is to also get the March podcast done that week so I can hopefully continue the plan of sliding the podcasts towards the beginning of a month instead of the end.
If you want to comment on this podcast, you can do so at tudorhistory.org/podcast or send me an email at email@example.com A transcript of this and previous podcasts are also available at the website as well as links to mp3s of all the episodes.
Logon to magnatune.com to listen to and purchase music from the artists that you heard featured in this podcast. I’ll have a complete rundown of which albums I used in the podcast notes.
Until next month fare the well!