1. 'The Earl of Richmond was not so earnestly sought for to be coupled in marriage with King Edward's daughter, as to have his head parted from his body with an axe.' Stow, Annales p. 429, and cf. Bernard Andre, p. 23, in Gairdner's Memorials &c., of Henry VII: 'Sed mater illius, mulier prudentissirna dolum prospiciens, secretis nuntiorum ac litterarum alloquiis ne rediret assidue prohibebat.'

2. Excerpta Historica, p. 380.

3. Antiquarian Repertory, i. 48, 55, 57.

4. His father, Lord Humphrey Stafford, eldest son of the first Duke of Buckingham, married a daughter of Edmund, Duke of Somerset (another 'Margaret Beaufort'), first cousin to the Countess of Richmond. See genealogical table, p.131.

5. This was an allusion to the armorial portcullis of the Beauforts.

6. Cf. p. 33, note.

7. This conversation is from More's Richard III (ed. 1821) with Grafton's continuation. It is also in Hall's Chronicle, and is summarized in Richard III by Dr. Gairdner, who considers the original account to have been derived from Morton himself.