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FOOTNOTES FROM THE CHRONICLE OF QUEEN MARY


1. See the next page.

2. "And among other he threw up his cap." The marquess of Northampton was also present. Stowe.

3.These letters are printed in Stowe's Chronicle.

4. Stowe says, "The duke was arrested in the Kinges college by one maister Slegge, sergeant at armes," -- in correction, evidently, of the present writer. Mr. Cooper, in his Annals of Cambridge, adds a note, "Roger Slegge, after an alderman of this town."

5.Thomas Lovell, the boy before mentioned in p. 7.

6. The duke was brought to the Tower of London by the earl of Arundel on the 25th of July; see Machyn's Diary, p. 37

7. Edward lord Clinton.

8. Framlingham

9. The party of the Council which made the Proclamation had left the Tower on the plea of giving audience to the French ambassador at Baynard's Castle. Tho earl of Arundol is represented as having been the chief instigator of this revolution, and a long address which he made to the assembled lords on tho occasion is given in his Life by one of his chaplains, printed in the Gentleman's Magazine for 1833, vol. CIII. ii. 119.

10. This report was untrue.

11. William lord Grey of Wilton was the commander upon whose military talents the duke of Northumberland seema to have mainly relied but lord Grey, who had been an adherent of the duke of Somerset, probably did not serve on this occasion very cordially. He seems to have left Northumberland when at Cambridge, and made his submission to Mary; who on her arrival at her manor of Newhall in Essex, on the 31st of July, dismissed him to his former charge of the castle of Guisnes, with a reinforcement of 350 footmen and 50 horsemen demi-lances see her letters patent, printed in the Appendix to the Life of Lord Grey of Wilton, No. Vl.

12. The earl of Ormond.

13. The name of the person to whom the letter is addressed is not preserved.

14. Of this letter Stowe must have had a copy, as its words are followed in his account of the queen's entry in London.

15. Gertrude marchioness of Exeter, daughter of William Blount lord Mountjoy, and mother of Edward earl of Devonshire.

16. Stephen Gardiner.

17. Anne, widow of the Protector.

18. This report was premature; he was created earl of Devollshire (only), on the 1st of September.

19. Sir John Baker.

20. Probably Leighton Bosard.

21. At Bletsoe.

22. Edmund Bonner.

23. Winchester house, Southwark.

24. Thomas lord Darcy.

25. William Paulet, marquess of Winchester.

26. The two succeeding paragraphs, relating to the duke of Northumberland's trial, are supplied from Stowe's Chronicle.

27. "In this pertinent question (remarks Mr. Tytler, vol. ii. p 224), Northumberland evidently, I think, alluded to the commands of Edward the Sixth, and the warrant under the Great Seal of England affixed to his will. Yet it is strange that all our historians, -- Carte, Hume, Lingard, Macintosh -- misunderstood the question, and suppose with the judges (who seem purposely to have evaded Northumberland's meaning,) that his allusion was to the great seal of queen Jane. .... The judges, as I have said, purposely mistook and evaded Northumberland's meaning." Mr. Tytler has not seen further than his predecessors, and it is he that is mistaken. The great seal to which Northumberland appealed, was not that affixed to the will or act of settlement; but it was that attached, by authority of queen Jane, to his commission of lieutenancy of the army, which has been mentioned (in p. 7) as sealed by the time the lords of the council had finished their dinner on the 14th of July. On this commission, under the great seal, he rested the justification of his having proceeded in arms against the lady Mary.

28. See the pleas of the marquess of Northampton and earl of Warwick in the Appendix.

29. MS f. 49

30. See a full account of this sermon in the notes to Machyn's Diary, p. 332.

31. Sir John Gage, the constable of the Tower.

32. The lieutenant.

33. "On Mondaye laste the duke of Northumberland, the marques of Northampton, sir John Gates, and others, hard masse verie devoutely in the Towere, and thear receaved the sacrament, even as they weare wonte 40 yeares agoe. Divers marchants, to the nomber of 14 or 15, were by the counsell comaunded to come to the queenes chappell, and theare tarry tyll masse was don; Mr. Thomas Locke was one; Mr. Clemente Newse, and divers other in Cheapsyde." Letter of William Dalby, 22 Aug. 1553, in Ralph Starkey's collections, MS. Harl. 353.

34. John Stowe has here added these words to the MS: no ye yere 1501. ye 18. of Awgust. He has himself, in his Chronicle, described Dudley's execution as having taken place on the 17th August 1510.

35. "This present daye the duke of Northumberlande, sir John Gates, and master Palmere, came to executione, and suffered deathe. The duke's confessyon was in effecte but lytle, as I hard saye; hee confessed himselfe worthie to dye, and that he was a greate helper in of this religion which is false, thearfore God had punished us with the lose of kinge Henry 8, and also with the lose of king Edward 6, then with rebellione, and aftere with the swetinge sicknes, and yet we would not turne. Requiringe them all that weare presente to remember the ould learninge, thankinge God that he would vutsafe to call him nowe to be a Christyane, for this 16 yeares he had byne non. Theare weare a greate nomber turned with his words. He wished every man not to be covetous, for that was a greate parte of his distruction. He was asked further yf he had any thinge moare to saye, and he said nothinge but that he was worthie to dye, and so was moe than he, but he cam to dye, and not to accuse any mane. And thus bouldly he spak, tyll he layd his head on the block." (Letter of William Dalby, as before cited.) Another account of the duke of Northumberland's confession, from the MS. Harl. 284, is printed in Bayley's History of the Tower of London, Appx. p. xlviii.; and by Tytler, vol. ii. p. 230, who refers to others in MS. Cotton, Titus, B II. in MS. Reg. 12 A 26 (in Latin), and an abstract in MS Harl. 2194.

36. Nicholas Heath, bishop of Worcester.

37. Sir John Gates's confession, as stated in the MS. Harl. 284, is printed in the Appendix to Bayley's History of the Tower of London, p. xlix.

38. "Then came sir Thomas Palmere, who when hee was upon the scaffold pute of his cape to the auditory and sayd: 'God geve you all good morowe,' and divers did byd him god morowe againe, and he replyed and sayd, 'I doe not doubt but that I have a good morowe, and shall have I truste a better good even. Good frends (quothe he) I am come hether to dye, for I have lyved heare under a lawe, and have offended the same, and for my so doinge the same lawe fyndethe me guilty, hathe condemned me to ende heare my lyfe this daye; for the which I give God thankes, in that he whichshewed me the thinge which I have seene, and which also I knowe to be juste and trewe, and that is this, I have since my cominge out of yonder place (pointing to the Towere) seene with myne eyes my Redeemere sittinge at the right hand of God the Father, in glory and majesty equall, whose powere is infinite, and in whome whoso puttethe his truste shall nevere be deceaved, and as he is almighty so can he doe what he lystethe, and to whom he wille, and when he will, and non in the heven above nor in the earthe beneathe can or maye let [i. e. with stand] his determinate will; by whom I lyve, by whom I am, and in whom I truste to lyve eternally I have, as some of you doe knowe, good people, bine a man not altogether noreshid in England, but some parte of my brede I have eaten in other realmes; but to saye that befoare nowe I did [know] God arighte, the worlde arighte, or myselfe arighte, I did nevere. And nowe what I have sayde ye knowe. I saye God is such a one that without thowe wilt sit downe and behould the heavenes above, the sonne and moone, the starres above the firmament, the course of the sonne and moone, starres and clowds, the earthe with all that in them is, and howe they be all preserved, thow shalt nevere knowe God aright. The world is altogether vanity, for in it is nothinge but ambition, flatery, foolishe or vaine glory, pride, disorder, slander, bostinge, disdayne, hatred and mallis; all which thinges the same God that made the world, or as they saye man, which heare I compare to the world, dothe utterly deteste and abhor; in the which offences I have bine so noseled, that nowe, havinge a juste occasione to looke into myne owne selfe, I have seen nothing but a bodye voyde of all goodnes, filthie, a stinking karkas, worse then donge of beastes, a very miserable creature, and yet the verie worke of the mighti hand of God. But yet, notwithstandinge, in nowe knowinge my Creator arighte, I doe not thinke any sinne to be that I have not byne plunged even into the middeste of it; for the which prayinge God to pardon me, willinge you and prayinge you to praye for me and withe me unto the Lord my God and your God, which God I faithfully beleeve is in heaven, and at the laste daye shall with all triumphe come againe into thig worlde, judginge the same by fyere. And nowe I will bide you all farwelle, prayenge you all to forgeve me, and to saye, the Lord receave me to his mercy, when you shall see the axe passe between my head and shoulders.' And so did prepare him to the deathe." Letter written in London by John Rowe, 24 Aug. 1563, in Starkey's transcripts, MS. Harl. 353.

39. There is a copy of tbis proclamation in Foxe, vol. iii. p. 18; and its substance in Strype, Memorials, vol. iii. p. 25, Heylyn's Ecclesiastical History, J674, p. 193.

40. MS. f. 46, b. - This highly interesting passage has been unknown to the modern biographers of Lady Jane Grey, though it has been once extracted, and printed, when the MS. was in the possession of Sir Simonds D'Ewes, in his pamphlet intitled "The Primitive Practice of preserving Truth. 1645." 4to. Sir Simonds has there appended to it the following remarks: "How justly may the masculine constancie of this excellent lady, whose many vertues the pens of her very enemies have acknowledged, rise up in judgement against all such poore spirits, who for feare of death, or other outward motives, shall deny God and his truth, and so crown the trophees of the antichristian or mongrill adversaries by their lamentable apostasie. For what shee here spake christianly, shee within a few moneths afterwards performed constantly, her life being taken from her on the 12th day of February, 1553, having lived first to see Mr. Harding, her father's chaplain, revolted to Antichrist, to whom she wrote an effectual letter of admonition and reproof, published by Mr. Fox in his Acts and Monuments, p. 1291, not unworthy the perusall of the ablest christians and greatest doctors." In Foxe also, and in most of her biographies, will be found the lady Jane's conference with Dr. Feckenham, who was swent by queen Mary to persuade her to be reconciled to the church of Rome.

41. These words are inserted in the MS. by sir Simonds D'Ewes.

42. i. e. apparently, gazed at without sympathy.

43. So the MS. probably for "few years." Sir Simonds D'Ewes so understood it, but altered the phrase to "the flower of my yeeres."

44. MS. fol. 57, b.

45. i. e. establishing? Both these proclamations are noticed under the same date in Stowe's Chronicle.

46. Walter Devereux, who had been created viscount Hereford in 1550, though both in this Diary and in that of Machyn he is still called lord Ferrars, and by Stowe lord Ferrers of Chartley. In the register of the Privy Council he is properly styled viscount Hereford. He had married lady Mary Grey, aunt to the duke of Suffolk.

47. Sir Roger Cholmley: see notes to Machyn's Diary, p. 368.

48. Sir Edward Montagu: see notes to Machyn's Diary, p. 356.

49. These figures are filled in by a second hand.

50. On the 24th August (the same day that bishop Gardider was made lord chancellor), "Hugh Latymer clerke apeared before the lords, and for his sedicious demeanor was committed to the Tower, there to remaine a close prisoner, having attending upon him one Anstey his servant." Register of the Privy Council.

51. Sir John Cheke.

52. Thomas Cranmer.

53. The rest of their names are omitted. A list of them has been given in the notes to Machyn's diary, p.334.

54. Stowe ssys "a thousand markes of golde."

55. Here "maister Haywood sate in a pageant under a vine, and made to her an oration in Latin and English." Stowe.

56. i. e. very great? Stowe describes this performance more fully. It was done by "one Peter a Dutchman," to whom the city gave 16l. 13s. 4d. for his costs and pains, and all his stuff.

57. MS. f. 68.

58. The ceremonial of queen Mary's coronation has been published at considerable length in Mr. Planche's Regal Records, 1837. 12mo. A document respecting the claims made to perform services on this occasion, was printed in the Camden Society's volume of RUTLAND PAPERS, p. 188

59. MS. f. 66.

60. Cuthbert Tunstall, bishop of Durham.

61. MS. f. 41

62. The Parliament did not meet until the l2th November.

63. A line is here so scribbled as to be illegible.

64. This oration was first written and published in 1534. The English translation here mentioned was made by Michael Wood, a zealous protestant, and printed, with a bitter preface, at Rouen, 1553.

65. There are two lines more of this paragraph, but so scribbled as not to be readable.

66. The count of Egmont, Charles count de Laing, and the sieur de Corriers: see a note to Machyn's Diary, p. 337.

67. The word Westminster is erased, and several words written above, but they are illegible, qu. Dyrram place?

68. MS, f. 1, b.