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Vicar

 

From the Latin word for 'a substitute'. Popular name for clergy man who serves a parish of which the great tithes have been appropriated. This arrangement dated back to the middle ages when churches were often appropriated to monasteries, which received the tithe income and appointed a secular priest or 'vicar' to serve the cure on their behalf. On the dissolution of the monasteries the King granted the rectorial tithes to others (often laymen) who were known as impropriators or rectors but the endowment of a vicarage remained intact.