Since the fourteenth century sermons had been commonplace at the Cross in St Paul's churchyard. An endowment by Bishop Thomas Kempe provided for the maintenance of the sermons. Galleries were provided for royalty and dignitaries; the throng sat on benches for which they paid a rent of Id a sermon. The preachers were selected by the Bishop of London and his chaplains. If it rained, the sermon was transferred to the crypt of St Paul's Cathedral.