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TIMELINE OF HENRY VIII'S BREAK WITH ROME

 

I. Early Attempts to Obtain the Divorce, 1527-30

A) Secret summons to Henry, 1527

B) Campeggio and Wolsey's legatine court, 1529

C) Appeal to the scholars and the universities, 1530

 

II. The Attack upon the Church of England, 1531-2

A) Threatened with praemunire, Convocation grants the King £118,000 and recognizes Henry as protector and supreme head "so far as the law of Christ allows". Parliament passes Act of Pardon, 1531.

B) House of Commons drafts Supplication against the Ordinaries, 1532.

C) Submission of the Clergy, 1532 (Sir Thomas More resigns)

1) King could review and veto all legislation by the clergy in Convocation
2) King could review all canon law and prevent execution or enforcement of any canons in England. (King is de facto, but not de jure, supreme legislator and judge of English Church).

 

III. The Attack upon the Papacy, 1532-3

A) Act in Conditional Restraint of Annates, 1532

1) Parliament withholds annates from Rome but gives King the option of allowing them to continue (economic blackmail)
2) Pope cannot delay consecration of bishops or excommunicate Englishmen in retaliation

B) Act in Restraint of Appeals, 1533

1) Prevents appeals in certain cases from going to Rome. Solves the problem of possible appeals against the divorce.
2) Recognizes England's national sovereignty (England is an empire).

 

IV. Establishment of the Royal Supremacy, 1534-6

A) Act for the Submission of the Clergy, 1534

1) Confirms earlier Submission in statutory form
2) Forbids appeals in all cases. Appeals now go to the royal commissioners.

B) Act in Absolute Restraint of Annates, 1534.

1) Payment of all annates to Rome forbidden.
2) Engishmen forbidden to obtain papal bulls for the consecration of bishops. King nominates and Archbishop consecrates bishops.

C) Dispensations Act, 1534

1) Stops all remaining payments to Rome
2) All licenses and dispensations from canon law to be granted by English authority (Archbishop of Canterbury).

D) First Succession Act, 1534. Succession vested in heirs of Henry and Anne

E) Act of Supremacy, 1534. King declared to be Supreme Head of the English Church.

F) Act of First Fruits and Tenths annexes old papal taxes to the Crown

G) Treason Act, 1534.

H) Act Extinguishing the Authority of the Bishop of Rome